Id, Ego, Superego dan Nilai Pendidikan Karakter dalam Novel Guru Dane Karya Salman Faris/The Id, Edgo and Superego and Character Values in the Novel Guru Dane by Salman Faris

Hubbi Saufan Hilmi, Retno Winarni, Muhammad Rohmadi

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dan menjelaskan aspek psikis id, ego, superego, dan nilai pendidikan karakter dalam novel Guru Dane karya Salman Faris. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kualitatif dengan metode analisis isi. Sumber data dalam penelitian ini ialah novel Guru Dane karya Salman Faris. Teknik analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan teknik analisis interaktif dimulai dari  reduksi data, penyajian data, penarikan kesimpulan dan verifikasi. Validitas data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah triangulasi teori dan sumber. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa struktur kepribadian yang terdapat dalam novel Guru Dane karya Salman Faris berupa aspek psikis id dengan 29 data yang mewakili, aspek psikis ego dengan 29 data yang mewakili, dan aspek psikis superego berjumlah 4 data yang mewakili dari para tokoh dalam novel. Adapun nilai pendidikan yang terdapat dalam novel Guru Dane karya Salman Faris, yakni nilai religius, nilai jujur, nilai toleransi, nilai kerja keras, nilai rasa ingin tahu, nilai cinta tanah air, nilai komunikatif, senang bersahabat atau proaktif, nilai peduli sosial, dan nilai tanggung jawab.

Kata Kunci: Guru Dane Novel, Psikoanalisis, dan Nilai Pendidikan Karakter.

ABSTRACT

This study aims to describe and explain the psychological aspects of the id, ego, superego, and character education in the Guru Dane novel by Salman Faris. This research is descriptive qualitative by using content analysis method. Sources of data in this study is Guru Dane novel by Salman Faris. Data analysis techniques in this study uses the technique of interactive analysis starts from data reduction, data presentation, conclusion and verification. The validity of the data used in this research is triangulation theory and resources. The results showed that the personality structure contained in the Guru Dane novel by Salman Faris psychological aspect id form with 29 representing data, psychological aspects of ego with 29 in total, and psychological aspects of the superego consists of 4 representative data of the characters in the novel. As for the character education contained in Guru Dane novel by Salman Faris, the values of religious, the value of honest, the values of tolerance, the value of hard work, curiosity value, the value of patriotism, ommunicative value, happy to make friends or proactive, the value of social care, and the value of responsibility.

Keywords: Guru Dane Novel, Psychoanalysis, and Values Character Education.


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Copyright (c) 2017 Hubbi Saufan Hilmi, Retno Winarni, Muhammad Rohmadi

Aksara: International Journal of Indonesian Literature